Part of R. Good's (The Geography of the Flowering Plants, 1974) boreal kingdom, and geographically a relatively small region, being restricted to Iberia and the Mediterranean coast, but with an important extension northward along the western coast of Europe. The vegetation is specialized, reflecting the distinctive climatic setting, and consequently contains a high proportion of endemics (see endemism). The Mediterranean has been called ‘the cradle of civilization’, and its long association with mankind has yielded many garden, horticultural, and agricultural plants. See also floral province and floristic region.
Subjects: Ecology and Conservation — Plant Sciences and Forestry.