(b. 4 Dec. 1906, d. 9 Oct. 1985).
Brazilian dictator 1969–74 An officer in the Brazilian army, he became the commander of the military academy in 1964. In that year he participated in the military coup which ended eighteen years of civilian government. He subsequently became a pivotal figure in the military dictatorship as director of the military intelligence services, and in 1969 became President himself. During most of his rule, which was marked by political repression and human rights violations, Brazil enjoyed its own economic miracle of further industrialization and rapid economic growth. Yet, this accelerated Brazil's reliance on primary imports such as oil, and increased its vulnerability to the 1973 oil-price shock.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).