Meiler fitz Henry

(c. 1150—1220) soldier and justiciar of Ireland

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Henry II (1133—1189) king of England, duke of Normandy and of Aquitaine, and count of Anjou

Gerald of Wales (1146—1223) author and ecclesiastic

Hugh de Lacy (c. 1116—1186) magnate

John (1167—1216) king of England, and lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and of Aquitaine, and count of Anjou

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(d. 1220), the son of Henry, the illegitimate son of Henry I by Nesta, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of south Wales, and thus a first cousin of Henry II. He was also related to prominent Cambro-Normans, including Robert fitz Stephen and Maurice fitzGerald, his uncles, and Raymond le Gros and Gerald of Wales, who were his cousins. In 1169 Meiler accompanied fitz Stephen to Ireland and received land grants in Leinster from Strongbow and in Meath from Hugh de Lacy. In 1199, on John's accession as king of England, Meiler is found acting as royal justiciar, an office he exercised until 1208, when disputes with the Anglo-Norman lords of Leinster and Meath led John to remove him. He founded the Augustinian priory of Greatconnell, Co. Kildare, in which he died.

From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: European History.

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