James Meikle was born at Carnwath, Clydesdale on 19 May 1730 and died at Biggar on 7 December 1799. He was educated at home by his friends. He was a surgeon and served in the Royal Navy. He attacked materialism (probably with Joseph Priestley in mind) in Metaphysical Maxims, published in 1797. Unlike others who wrote against Priestley, Meikle understood the difference between Priestley's active, spiritualized matter and the passive, corpuscular matter generally in vogue.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.