(1892–1922), republican and socialist. Mellows was involved with the organization of Fianna Éireann and the Irish Volunteers. He fought in the rising of 1916 and afterwards fled to the USA, where he aided de Valera. He returned to Ireland in 1921 to become IRA director of purchases. Leading the anti-treatyites in their occupation of the Four Courts, he was arrested after its fall (see irish civil war). Influenced by James Connolly's thinking, he called upon republicans to develop a more radical social programme to attract support. He was executed as a reprisal for the shooting of two Dáil deputies by Irregulars in December 1922.
From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: European History.