The multidisciplinary, multisectoral array of personnel and facilities to promote, protect, and restore good mental health. They include institutional and community-based public and private services involving the active participation of psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers. There are custodial and noncustodial mental hospitals, psychiatric services based in general hospitals, and mental health services such as distress centers and hotlines run by local health departments and private voluntary agencies. Privately practicing physicians and psychiatrists and many community-based agencies that care for persons with particular diseases and their families are generally not regarded as components of mental health services, despite involvement in aspects of mental health care. See also deinstitutionalization, halfway house, and entries for specific mental disorders.
Subjects: Psychology — Public Health and Epidemiology.