(b NY, 1916; d Berlin, 1999).
Amer.‐born violinist and conductor (Brit. cit. 1985). Child prodigy. First public recital S. Francisco 1924. Début with orch. S. Francisco 1926, NY 1927. In 1929 played concs. by Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms in one programme with Berlin PO cond. Walter, in Berlin, Dresden, and Paris. London début 1929, LSO cond. F. Busch. In 1932 recorded Elgar's conc., cond. by composer, and played work under his baton in Paris 1933. First recitals with sister Hephzibah in NY, London, and Paris 1934, followed by world tour of 73 cities. His career and talent continued beyond the ‘prodigy’ years. Bartók wrote the solo vn. sonata for him (1944). Gave many concerts for troops during World War II. After war continued his career as most famous of modern vn. virtuosi, but settled in Eng. and also began to conduct in 1957 (fest. at Gstaad). Salzburg Fest. début 1946 (Bach vn. conc. No.2, Mozarteum Orch. cond. Dorati), as cond. 1986 (Chamber Orch. of Europe). Art. dir. Bath Fest. 1959–69, conducting many concerts with own chamber orch. US début as cond. 1966. Founded Menuhin Sch. of Mus., now at Stoke d'Abernon, Surrey, 1963. Did much to encourage Western interest in Indian mus. Autobiography Unfinished Journey (1977). Hon. KBE 1965. OM 1987. Life peer 1993.