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County of north Wales deriving its name from Meirion, one of the sons of Cunedda, who supposedly moved from Strathclyde in late post‐Roman times with his people, the Votadini, in order to offset the threat of Irish invasion. It was probably an early kingdom but became part of the kingdom of Gwynedd. The annexation of the lands of the last Llywelyn by the crown under Edward I led to the creation of the shire in 1284.

Merionethshire has 65.4 per cent of its population able to speak Welsh. Merioneth was once again linked to Gwynedd in 1974 when it became part of that new county, and with Caernarfonshire constituted a reformed Gwynedd in 1996.

Subjects: British History.

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