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Merit The History of a Founding Ideal from the American Revolution to the Twenty-First Century

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In theology ‘merit’ designates a person's right to be rewarded for a work done for God. The conception has its foundation in the Bible; in both the OT and the NT rewards are promised to the just for their good works. The theology of merit was elaborated by the Schoolmen, who distinguished between condign merit, which confers a claim to a reward due in justice for services rendered, and congruous merit, which may claim the reward only on grounds of fitness. The traditional doctrine was repudiated by the Reformers, especially M. Luther, who taught the sinfulness of all human works, whether done before or after justification.

Subjects: Religion.


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