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Merkel cell


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A touch receptor deep in the skin, and in the mucous membrane of the mouth, with a flattened or slightly cupped body and a large modified epithelial ending, especially sensitive to the edges of objects held in the hand or mouth. Also called a Merkel corpuscle, Merkel disc, or Merkel-Ranvier corpuscle. Compare free nerve ending, Golgi tendon organ, Meissner's corpuscle, Pacinian corpuscle, Ruffini corpuscle. [Named after the German anatomist Friedrich Sigmund Merkel (1845–1919) who discovered it in 1880]

Subjects: Psychology.


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