Russian sculptor. He was born in Armenia, studied in Zurich and Munich, and lived in Paris for several years before settling in Moscow in 1909. His best-known works are his enormous statues of Lenin and Stalin in Moscow and elsewhere, many of them now destroyed. Most typically he worked in granite, but his largest statue (about 16 metres high) of Stalin in Yerevan (1950, destroyed) was in copper. From 1945 to 1950 Merkurov was director of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow. See also Socialist Realism.