Following Turkey's entry into the First World War in November 1914, a small Anglo‐Indian force landed in Mesopotamia. Encouraged by early victories, the British advanced towards Baghdad, but were halted by the Turks in November 1915. A considerable British force was besieged at Kut and surrendered in April 1916. Prestige demanded that this defeat be avenged and in March 1917 the British finally occupied Baghdad.
Subjects: World History — Military History.