(c. 1705–58) provincial military leader and shipbuilder, born in Newington, New Hampshire. His engineering contributions were significant to British successes in the colonial wars of the 18th century. During King George's War (1744–48) Melville, a member of a New Hampshire regiment, placed artillery, furnished transport, and constructed fortifications on the New England expedition against the French fortress of Louisbourg (1745). During the French and Indian War (1754–63) he took part in expeditions against Crown Point (1756–57) and was commended for his skill in building fortifications and commanding the defense of Fort Edward (1756). He died of smallpox while on a later expedition to Louisbourg as head of a company of carpenters.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.