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The study and science of all aspects of the atmosphere—weather and climate—aiming to understand the physical and chemical nature of the atmosphere, its dynamical behaviour, and its complex interactions with the surface. It includes both short- and long-term weather forecasting, and the determination of past and future climatic change. Meteorology now includes the study of the atmospheres of other planets (S. Dunlop2001).

Subjects: History — Meteorology and Climatology.

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