Metsamor, Armenia

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A multi‐phase prehistoric settlement in the Ararat Valley. Excavations since 1965 show the presence of superimposed Eneolithic, Bronze Age, and Iron Age occupation. In its early phases it was an urban‐type settlement of 10.5 ha with a citadel surrounded by a sturdy Cyclopean wall and ziggurat observatory situated on a low ridge. By the middle Bronze Age (late 3rd to middle 2nd millennia bc) the size and architectural sophistication of the site had increased considerably and by the 10th century bc it covered 100 ha. About 500 m southeast of the citadel was a cemetery with barrows and stone tombs. Finds suggest trading links with Egypt and Babylon in the mid 2nd millennium bc.


R. Dezelus, 1993, Metsamor: foyer metallurgique et culturel de la préhistoire armenienne 3000–600 av. Vienne: Edition Mechithariste

Subjects: Archaeology.

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