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12th–13th century ce)

The first systematic Śaiva Siddhānta theologian; author of the influential Civañāṉapōtam (Śivajñānabodham) (‘Treatise on Śiva Knowledge’) (c.1223 ce), a twelve-verse sūtra text with autocommentary, treating of the relationship between Śiva, the individual self, and the world (and therefore also of the means to and nature of liberation)—a relationship variously interpreted as either pluralistic or monistic by numerous later Tamil commentators, including those of the sampradāya named after Meykaṇṭār (pluralists). See also Aruṇanti; Civañāṉamuṉivar.

Subjects: Hinduism.

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