Patr. of Constantinople from 1043. The beginning of the schism between the E. and W. Churches is conventionally dated in his patriarchate. He was anti-Latin in outlook, attacking the Filioque and the use of unleavened bread in the Eucharist. The attempted mediation between the E. Emperor and the delegation led by Card. Humbert of Silva Candida failed; the Westerns excommunicated the Easterns; Cerularius anathematized the Westerns (1054).
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.