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Ahmad Shafiq Midhat Pasha

(d. 1884)


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(d. 1884)

Ottoman grand vizier. Expanded local representative institutions and strengthened government in provinces. Introduced Western political institutions, constitution, and parliament. Worked to introduce contemporary European science and philosophy into education. Believed in progressive change through public education, rather than revolution. Led coup d'etat deposing Sultan Abdulaziz. Exiled in 1877. Murdered in exile.

Subjects: Islam.


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