German land-scape-architect and theorist, he joined the Deutscher Werkbund in 1912. In Jedermann Selbstversorger! (Everyman self-supporter—1918) and Die Gartenkultur des 20. Jahrhunderts (Garden Art of the 20th Century—1913 and 1920) he set out his ideas about communal open spaces and the transformation of towns and cities without ruining the countryside. He designed landscapes for Modern Movement housing schemes in the 1920s at Celle (with Haesler), at Britz, Neukölln, Berlin (with B. Taut and M. Wagner) and at Frankfurt-am-Main (with E. May, with whom he planned the entire area, including cycle ways, paths for pedestrians, and places for recreation). He also worked at Sonnenhof, Worpswede (1920s), and Reemtsma, Altona (1931–3).
Burckhardt (1980);Journal of Urban History, iv/(1977), 3–28;Placzek (ed.) (1982);Jane Turner (1996)