Cereal of a number of species of Gramineae, smaller than wheat and rice, and high in fibre content. Common millet (Panicum and Selaria spp.), also known as China, Italian, Indian, French hog, proso, panicled, and broom corn millet, grows very rapidly, 2–2½ months from sowing to harvest. Protein 10%, fat 2.5%, carbohydrate 73%.
Red, finger, South Indian millet, coracan, or ragi is Eleusine coracana. Protein 6%, fat 1.5%, carbohydrate 75%.
Bulrush millet, pearl millet, bajoa, or Kaffir manna corn is Pennisetum typhoideum, P. americanum or P. glaucum; the staple food in poor parts of India. Protein 11%, fat 5%, carbohydrate 69%.
Other species are foxtail millet (Setaria italica); hungry rice or fonio (Digitaria exilis or D. iburua), jajeo millet (Acroceras amplectens), Japanese millet (Echinochloa frumentica), Kodo or haraka millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum), and teff (Eragrostis tef, E. abyssinica). See also sorghum.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.