(orig. A. M. de Miholy; b Ozora, Hungary, 12 May 1906; d Rome, 21 Sept. 1988)
Hungarian-Italian dancer, choreographer and ballet director. He studied with Smeraldi, Nicola Guerra, Anton Romanowsky, Laban, V. Gsovsky, and Cecchetti. In 1928 he joined the Berlin State Opera, also appearing in recital performances as a solo artist and working extensively as ballet master in e.g. Hagen, Breslau, and Düsseldorf. In 1936 he moved to Budapest to become ballet master of the Hungarian State Opera House and in 1938 moved to Italy to become ballet director of the Rome Opera (1938–45, again 1966–9) and ballet director of La Scala, Milan (1946–50). He was subsequently ballet master in Cologne (1960–3), and director Vienna State Opera (1963–6 and again 1971–4). He additionally worked extensively in Italy as a visiting choreographer and also in South America and during the course of his career made more than 170 ballets, including La follia di Orlando (Milan, 1947), Le Portrait de Don Quichotte (Ballets des Champs-Elysées, 1947), and Marsyas (Venice, 1948). Few of his works survived in the repertoire however and Milloss is best remembered for having championed the work of many living Italian designers and composers on the ballet stage, above all for promoting dance as an art form in Italy, where it had often been viewed merely as divertissement.