Martin Milmore


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(1844–83). Sculptor. Known particularly for Civil War monuments, he also produced straightforwardly realistic portraits and a few ideal subjects. Born in Sligo, Ireland, he arrived with his family in Boston in 1851. He received his earliest instruction in carving from his brother, JosephMilmore (1842–86). After working in Thomas Ball's studio between 1858 and 1862, he opened his own Boston establishment and remained in that city permanently except for the years from 1870 until 1876, when he worked in Rome. Commissioned in 1867, Milmore's Civil War remembrance in Roxbury, Massachusetts, glorified the common soldier in an over-life-size bronze image. It provided an important model for numerous later sculptures acknowledging the role of ordinary men in the conflict. His more elaborate Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1877), commissioned in 1874 for the Boston Common, similarly influenced subsequent endeavors to honor the war's sacrifices. A bronze personification of Liberty stands atop a granite column, while realistic images of a sailor and a soldier, as well as supplementary allegorical figures, appear at lower levels. Reliefs depicting aspects of Boston's involvement in the Civil War further enrich the ensemble's meaning. Also born in Sligo, Joseph established a successful stone-cutting business in Boston and sometimes worked alongside his more talented brother. In a notable collaboration, the two produced a monumental granite sphinx to serve as a unique Civil War memorial (1872) for Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. After Joseph's demise in Geneva, Switzerland, the family commissioned Daniel Chester French to create a tribute honoring the brothers' early deaths.

From The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Art.

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