(b Stafford, 1936).
Eng. critic and author, specialist in opera. Worked in journalism before specializing in mus. Opera critic, Spectator, 1970–90, Evening Standard 1990–2, The Times 1992–2002. Assoc. ed. Opera from 1976, deputy ed. from 1984, ed. 1986–99. Translator of several operas, incl. Rusalka, Osud, and Tannhäuser. OBE 2002.