Pueblo‐based farming communities living along the Mimbres River in southwest New Mexico, North America, in the period c.ad 1000–1130. Mimbres is probably best known for its very fine ceramics, which include magnificent ceremonial bowls adorned with painted geometric and pictorial designs. Examples are often found inverted over the head of the deceased in burial deposits, ritually broken by making a small hole in the centre of the base. Mimbres communities lived in single‐storey pueblos of up to 150 rooms. Among ceremonial rooms were large rectangular subterranean kivas rather like those of the earlier Mogollon Tradition. There is little evidence of long‐distance exchange; society seems to have been nucleated, essentially egalitarian, and inward‐looking.