An index showing whether a water will tend to dissolve or precipitate a particular mineral. Its value is negative when the mineral may be dissolved, positive when it may be precipitated, and zero when the water and mineral are at chemical equilibrium. The saturation index (SI) is calculated by comparing the chemical activities of the dissolved ions of the mineral (ion activity product, IAP) with their solubility product (Ksp). In equation form, SI = log(IAP/Ksp).
Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.