Related Overviews

Brassaï (1899—1984)

Tériade (1889—1983)

Albert Skira (1904—1973)

André Breton (1896—1966) French poet, essayist, and critic

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A journal of art and literature published in Paris between February 1933 and May 1939 (13 numbers appearing irregularly); it was devoted mainly to Surrealism and constituted the movement's most important journal in this period (which may be considered its zenith), following La Révolution surréaliste and Le Surréalisme au service de la révolution and preceding VVV. Albert Skira was the administrative director and Tériade was the artistic director; when Tériade left after the ninth issue (October 1936), Skira established an editorial committee that included Breton, Duchamp, and *Éluard. The title was suggested by André Masson and the writer Georges Bataille, who at this time were, in Masson's words, ‘concerned with the most mysterious of the Greek and Iranian mythologies’. For the cover of the first issue Picasso created a collage that had at its centre a drawing of a minotaur holding a sword (1933, MoMA, New York); among the other artists who designed covers for the journal were Derain, Ernst, Magritte, and Matisse. In keeping with such elevated company, Minotaure was notably more luxuriously produced than its predecessors, the illustrations including original prints. The journal was also notable for the photographs of Man Ray and Brassaï.

Subjects: Art.

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