Sufi teacher and founder of the Khatmi (sometimes called Mirghani) Sufi order, influential in Nilotic Sudan in modern times. Born in Mecca to a prestigious family, and a student of Ahmad ibn Idris (d. 1837), a pivotal figure in the development of Sufi tariqahs in the early 1800s. He claimed that his devotional path was the “seal” (khatm) of all Sufi paths. His sons established his order in the Hejaz, Eritrea, and Egypt, but it was in Sudan that the movement had greatest success and is still an important force in social and political life.
See also Khatmi Tariqah