(1830–1914). Celebrated Provençal narrative poet, leader of the Félibrige (1876–88) and the second Occitan renaissance, Nobel prize-winner (1904). Mistral's life in the Bouches-du-Rhône, first at his parents' mas, then in nearby Maillane, made him an incomparable regional ethnologist. An eclectic reader, at 10 he began writing Provençal poetry (Li Meissoun, 1927), a pursuit encouraged by Roumanille, his teacher at the lycée of Avignon. He began compiling a dictionary, which would become Lou Tresor dóu Felibrige (1878–86). From 1851 Mistral devoted his life to poetry, publishing with a French translation for the Paris market and abroad.
From The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French in Oxford Reference.