[French ‘placed on stage’]
1. In film theory, the visual composition and framing of individual shots. It includes camera position and angle, focus, setting, sets, costume, and lighting, the pattern of colour, the relation of people and objects, and movement within the compositional frame. Some usages exclude camerawork, but it is always distinguished from montage. Theorists note that it is an extracinematic code since it is not unique to cinema: it was adopted from theatre, where it referred to ‘staging’.
2. In auteur theory, the distinctive style of particular directors as reflected in the cinematography.
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