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St George Jackson Mivart

(1827—1900) zoologist and Roman Catholic polemicist


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St George Mivart was born in London on 30 November 1827 and died there on 1 April 1900. The son of a hotel proprietor with interests in natural history, Mivart began reading on natural history and collecting specimens at an early age. Intending to graduate at Oxford, Mivart's conversion to Roman Catholicism at the age of seventeen forced him to change his plans and he was admitted to study law at Lincoln's Inn in 1846. He was called to the Bar in 1851. His real interest, however, remained with the sciences, and he became a member of the Royal Institution in 1849 developing an acquaintance with leading naturalists, including Richard Owen and Thomas Huxley. He became a Fellow of the Zoological Society in 1858 and of the Linnean Society in 1862 after beginning to develop a reputation as a gifted comparative anatomist. From 1862 he was appointed to teach anatomy at St Mary's Hospital Medical School, after publishing his first anatomical studies and lecturing to lay audiences. With Huxley's help he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1869, in recognition of his work on primate anatomy. He was Secretary of the Linnean Society from 1874 to 1880, and its Vice-President in 1892.

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From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.


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