Japanese film director.
Born in Tokyo, Mizoguchi studied art and worked on a newspaper before entering films as an actor. Beginning at the Nikkatsu Studios in 1922, he soon abandoned acting for directing. With more than eighty films to his credit, he became one of Japan's most respected directors, his work, the central theme of which was a concern for women, being admired for its beauty and strong visual sense. Osaka Elegy (1936), Sisters of the Gion (1936), and The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum (1939) are three of his many notable early works. As a figure in world cinema, however, he is particularly remembered for Saikaku Ichidai Onna (1952; The Life of Oharu), Ugetsu Monogatari (1953), Sansho Dayu (1954; Sansho the Bailiff), and Yokihi (1955; The Princess Yang Kwei Fei).
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).