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Mithras was a god associated with light and the sanctity of oaths in India and Iran; he became the object of a distinctive cult in the Roman Empire probably c.ad 100. The mysteries of Mithras were celebrated by small groups of male initiates in underground temples, lined on either side by benches used for ritual meals and dominated by a representation of the god slaying the primal bull. Mithraism seems to have died out in the 4th century.

Subjects: Christianity.

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