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Alexander Calder (1898—1976) American sculptor and painter

Marcel Duchamp (1887—1968) French-born artist

Kinetic art

Lynn Chadwick (1914—2003) sculptor

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Term coined by Marcel Duchamp in 1932 to describe the motor- or hand-powered Kinetic sculptures of Alexander Calder and soon extended to those he produced where the movement is caused by air currents. Typically they consisted of flat metal parts suspended on wires. Many other sculptors (notably Lynn Chadwick) have experimented with the genre, and mobiles have also been adopted as articles of interior decoration and (on a miniature scale) as playthings for babies.

Subjects: Art.

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