The English Parliament summoned by Edward I (November 1295) and subsequently idealized as the model for all parliaments since it was supposed to be truly representative of the people. In addition to earls (seven attended), barons (41), archbishops, bishops, abbots (70), heads of religious houses, two knights from each shire, two representatives from every city or borough, Edward called representatives of the lower clergy (one from each cathedral chapter, two from each diocese). The ‘model’ was hardly effective. Knights and burgesses did not attend regularly until the mid-14th century. Representatives of religious houses disappeared at the Reformation. The lower clergy preferred their own parliament, Convocation.
Subjects: World History — British History.