(Dutch: ‘Modern Art Circle’)
A society of Dutch artists founded in 1910 by the painter and critic Conrad Kikkert (1882–1965) with the aim of bringing modern developments from Paris (where Kikkert had recently settled) to the Netherlands. It held its first exhibition in 1911 at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, the artists represented including Braque, Cézanne (with no fewer than twenty-eight works), and Picasso. Mondrian, who also exhibited, was so impressed by what he saw (including the first Cubist pictures publicly exhibited in the Netherlands) that he moved to Paris soon afterwards. The society held comparably impressive exhibitions in 1912 and 1913 (the latter including more than a dozen works each by Kandinsky and Marc), but its activities were ended by the First World War.