Senior monk who presided over the council held during the reign of Aśoka (see Council of Pāṭaliputra II). Due to prosperity enjoyed by the Order (Saṃgha) as a result of Aśoka's patronage, a number of corrupt monks were admitted. In protest, Moggaliputta withdrew to live in solitary retreat for seven years, and on his return Aśoka assembled all the monks to be questioned by himself with Moggaliputta in attendance. The heretical monks were expelled and Moggaliputta later celebrated the third council (see Council of Pāṭaliputra II) with 1,000 Arhats in attendance. Moggaliputta died at the age of 80 in the 26th year of Aśoka's reign.