(1610–96). French painter active in Paris. She was the daughter of a Protestant painter and art dealer living in Paris, but after his death in 1619 was trained by the minor still-life painter François Garnier. By the age of 20 she had already begun to specialize in still life. Her most typical works consist of a basket of fruits displayed on a sharply sloping table top, sometimes with homely vegetables alongside. An example from 1630 is in the Art Institute, Chicago. A few pictures survive that also incorporate figures: The Fruit and Vegetable Seller in the Louvre, Paris, is an example. Moillon's style has an archaic simplicity that is immensely appealing and contrasts with the flamboyant abundance of contemporary Flemish and Dutch still life. She seems to have painted little after her marriage in 1640. Her Protestantism led to persecution after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685) and she died in obscurity.
From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.