The application of molecular methods to the study of genetics. This branch of science has advanced rapidly since the Human Genome Project successfully located many genes and began to identify their functions. Applications of genetic engineering have been successful in plant and animals, have led to development of innovative vector control methods using genetically modified mosquitoes, and have begun to make theoretically possible some interventions and actions in human genetic disorders that previously were not feasible. As of 2005, the possible benefits of intervention in human disease are potential rather than actual. For current status, see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/About/primer/genetics_molecular.html.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Science and Mathematics.