(1622—1673) French dramatist

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(pseudonym of Jean‐Baptiste Poquelin) (1622–73), French comic playwright and actor, and the creator of French classical comedy. His major plays include L'Avare (1669), Le Tartuffe (1664), Les Femmes savantes (1672), Le Misanthrope (1666), and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (1660). His influence on English Restoration comedy exceeded that of Jonson; dramatists like D'Avenant, Dryden, Wycherley, Vanbrugh, and Shadwell quarried his plays for characters and situations.

Subjects: Literature — Theatre.

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