1894–1989), Czech-British photographer, writer, and teacher. After studying in Prague she moved to Germany, worked in publishing, and in 1921, in Berlin, married László Moholy-Nagy. It was to be—in her words—a ‘symbiotic’ relationship which lasted longer than the marriage. She collaborated in his early experiments with photograms and photocollages, and gave valuable editorial help with his writings. After he joined the Bauhaus in 1923 she became the school's first documentary photographer. Her understated, near-abstract photographs of design products, and of the Bauhaus's new buildings in Dessau (1926), were published worldwide, though largely uncredited. But she became a noted portraitist, often using disconcerting close-ups. Divorced from Moholy-Nagy in 1929, she taught photography at Johannes Itten's private art school. In 1934 she emigrated to London, where she worked as a lecturer and portraitist and published A Hundred Years of Photography (1939). In 1942 she founded a microfilm reproduction service for libraries and governments, and from 1946 worked on important UNESCO archiving projects. In 1959 she moved to Switzerland to pursue a third career as an art critic.
From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Photography and Photographs.