Australian painter. He was born in Newcastle, New South Wales, the son of a Norwegian immigrant steel worker, and after army service in the Second World War he studied at East Sydney Technical College. From 1949 to 1953 he lived in Europe, then settled in Brisbane. In the 1950s his style was predominantly Expressionist, marked by brilliant but often subtle colouring (he is widely regarded as one of the finest colourists in Australian art). His subjects included portraits, figure compositions, and landscapes. In 1961 his style changed abruptly, as he turned to semi-abstraction with totemic imagery; he abandoned oils for synthetic resins, burning them with a blowtorch to produce a heavy, pitted surface.