de Momper

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Flemish family of artists and dealers. Jan de Momper I (fl 1512–16) was a painter in Bruges; his son Josse de Momper I (1516–59) was known as an artist and dealer who moved from Bruges to Antwerp, where his son Bartolomeus de Momper (1535–after 1597) inherited both occupations, as well as being an engraver. Bartholomeus's sons (1) Josse de Momper II and Jan de Momper II were both landscape painters, but Josse the younger, an engraver and draughtsman as well, was the outstanding artist of the family. His art, which was popular and influential in his own time, belongs to the transitional period between late 16th-century Mannerism and the tendency towards greater realism that developed in the early 17th century. Although two of Josse the younger's sons, Gaspard de Momper (fl 1627) and Philips de Momper I (fl 1622–34), were painters, little is known of their work, except that Philips was a staffage painter who executed the figures in some of his father's paintings; he also spent some years in Rome, where he had travelled with Jan Breughel the younger. Jan de Momper the younger's son Frans de Momper (1603–60) was, like his uncle, a landscape painter and draughtsman; he worked for 20 years in the Dutch Republic, and his style reflects that of the younger generation of Dutch artists in its monochrome colouring, while owing much to his uncle's influence in the preference for wide vistas. Frans's brother, Philips de Momper II (fl 1622; d 1675), was also a painter.(1) Josse [Joos] de Momper II (b Antwerp, 1564; d Antwerp, 5 Feb 1635). Painter and draughtsman. He received his first training from his father, and as early as 1581 he was registered as a master in the Antwerp Guild of St Luke by his father—who was at the time the dean of the Guild. In Antwerp on 4 September 1590 Josse married Elisabeth Gobyn, by whom he had ten children, including Gaspard and Philips. In 1611 Josse became dean of the Guild, and the following year he evidently went to Brussels with Sebastiaen Vrancx (1573–1647) on guild business. It has long been maintained that de Momper had gone to Italy in the 1580s, since Lodewijk Toeput, who was then active in Venice, was mentioned as his teacher in an inventory of 1624. That this hypothetical trip to Italy actually took place was proved in 1985 when the frescoes in the church of S Vitale in Rome, previously attributed to Paul Bril, were given to Josse de Momper the younger (see Gerzsi).


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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