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Routine, often episodic measurement, performance analysis, or supervision of a process, activity, or function with the aim of detecting and correcting change or deviation from desirable levels. Data are usually collected, analyzed, and recorded. The monitor or monitoring agent may or may not have the role and responsibility to fine-tune the process, activity, or function aimed at correcting departures from desired levels. The distinction between monitoring and surveillance is that the former is often episodic or intermittent, whereas the latter is ongoing and continuous, and implies a greater commitment to interpret and disseminate the information obtained.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Economics.

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