(b Ubiel, Lithuania, 1819; d Warsaw, 1872).
Polish composer. Lived in Warsaw from 1858. Cond. Warsaw Opera and prof. at Cons. Regarded as foremost Polish 19th‐cent. composer after Chopin. His opera Halka is regarded as first Polish nat. opera (2‐act version 1846–7, rev. in 4 acts 1857 and prod. Warsaw 1858). Wrote other operas, none as successful, incl. Straszny Dwór (The Haunted Manor) 1861–4. Composed sym.‐poem Bajka (Fairy Tale), 7 masses, a Requiem (1890), and over 300 songs.