Donald Monro was born in Edinburgh and died in London on 9 June 1802. The second surviving son of Alexander Monro primus, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at the University of Edinburgh, Donald was educated under his father, graduating MD in June 1753 from Edinburgh University after presenting a thesis on dropsy. He then took a position as physician to the army and moved to London. Licensed to practise medicine in London by the Royal College of Physicians in April 1756, he was elected as physician to St George's Hospital in November 1758. From January 1761 to spring 1763 he served under the terms of his military appointment in hospitals attached to the British Army in Germany. After his return to London he published an account (1764) of the diseases prevalent in these hospitals, A Treatise on Mineral Waters (1770) and a number of other medical works, including the Croonian Lectures and the Harveian Oration which he was called upon to deliver to the Royal College of Physicians in 1774 and 1775. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in May 1766 and a Fellow of the College of Physicians, by special grace, in September 1771; he was a Censor in 1772, 1781, 1785 and 1789, and became an Elect, that is, one entitled to elect new Fellows, in July 1788. He resigned his position at St George's in 1786 due to ill health and became increasingly reclusive until his death.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.