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The word monument is recorded from Middle English, and originally denoted a burial place rather than the statue or building over it or commemorating a person or event; the word comes via French from Latin monumentum, from monere ‘remind’.

The Monument is a Doric column 202 feet in height, built in the City of London (1671–7) according to the design of Sir Christopher Wren, to commemorate the great fire of London of 1666, which originated in a house 202 feet from the site of the column.

Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History.

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