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Plastic material to bond stones and bricks together. Before C20 it was usually made from crushed burnt limestone mixed with sand and water, often with additional brick- or stone-dust. Today, Portland cement is used with sand and water, sometimes with lime or other additives.

Nicholson (1835);W. Papworth (1852);Sturgis et al. (1901–2)

Subjects: Architecture — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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