British motor-racing driver who achieved a string of victories in the 1950s and early 1960s but failed to win a World Championship.
The son of a dentist, Moss started racing in 1948, driving a Cooper 500, and in 1950 joined Peter Heath's HWM team, in whose cars he achieved his first major successes. From 1952 onwards Moss drove a variety of cars in Grands Prix, including Coopers and a Maserati, as well as Jaguars in sports car events. Briefly joining the Maserati works team in 1954, he switched to Mercedes-Benz the following year and came second in the Drivers' Championship. This was the year of his famous victories in the gruelling Mille Miglia and Targa Floria events, driving a Mercedes 300 SLR sports car. In 1956 he rejoined Maserati and clinched another second place in the Drivers' Championship. In 1957 and 1958, driving for Vanwall, Moss was again runner-up, by only a single point in 1958, the year in which he and Jack Brabham won the Nürburgring 1000 km race in an Aston Martin DBR1 sports car. Moss won the event again the following year.
Moss's successes in both Formula One and sports cars continued, driving Lotus and Cooper cars for the Rob Walker team. He broke both legs in a crash at Spa in Belgium in 1960 but returned to racing the same year. However, in 1962 he was seriously injured after crashing in a Formula Two race at Goodwood and retired from racing. Moss has since pursued various interests, especially in design and motoring journalism.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).