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Also known as ‘scrambling’, this is a specialized form of racing on motorcycles, over closed-circuit courses across rough cross-country terrain. Organization of the sport dates from the late 1920s, when English motorcycle clubmen in the south of the country developed more of a ‘scramble’-type race as an alternative to observed time trials on roads. In 1945, a more organized format was developed on the outskirts of Paris, and two years later, the Moto-Cross des Nations was inaugurated. Britain, Belgium, and Sweden were dominant in the early years of the sport: in more recent years, Italy and France have produced the World Champion team, but the USA took the World Championship from 2005 to 2008.

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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