mountain ecology

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A change in altitude up a mountain equals a latitudinal shift away from the equator, and vegetation types change accordingly. The sequence in the San Francisco mountains is hot desert cactus at 200 m; oak scrub at 800 m; coniferous forest at 2 000 m; and alpine tundra at 4 000 m (Woodward (1993) Ecol. Applications 3).

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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